Proctology, also known as colorectal surgery, is a surgical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rectum, anus and colon disorders. The proctologist helps patients either with prescribing medication, performing minor procedures or surgical treatments, patient counseling is also important in day-to-day practice.

During an appointment, the proctologist performs a general health examination and may want to perform a rectal examination to check for abnormalities. In some cases, an internal examination may be needed. If necessary, we also perform minimal procedures, e.g. thrombosed hemorrhoids removal.

Problems with the rectal area are more widespread than we might think. Patients often find these problems intimate, sometimes even embarrassing, and therefore only seek medical attention if the suffering has become unbearable. There is no need to feel afraid or ashamed of a proctologist’s appointment – we recommend contacting a doctor as soon as you feel discomfort or have first symptoms. Our experienced professionals will listen to you, perform an examination and explain thoroughly the nature of the studies and procedures needed to carry out. Patients of all ages, both women and men, are welcomed to our clinic.

You may contact our clinic with the following complaints:

  • pain and/or discomfort in your anal area
  • itching or irritation
  • bleeding
  • disturbing formations in the anal or rectum area
  • hemorrhoids
  • anal fissures
  • anal fistula
  • severe constipation or bowel incontinence

The most common proctological problems are hemorrhoids, anal tears and anal fissures. Modern proctology also deals with severe constipation, identification of its causes, and diagnosis and treatment of rectal and colon tumors. An integral part of proctology is modern diagnostic methods: endoscopy (anoscopy, rectoscopy, coloscopy), endorectal ultrasound, defecography, and magnetic resonance imaging.

Hemorrhoid treatment

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels found inside or around the rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids can cause unpleasant discomfort for both men and women. Although hemorrhoids are rarely dangerous, they can be repetitive and become painful and annoying. The main possible causes include:

  • certain hereditary conditions
    (eg hereditary constipation)
  • constipation
  • long-term diarrhea
  • sitting down for long periods of time
  • unhealthy eating
  • alcohol consumption
  • hard physical work
  • pregnancy, childbirth

There are two kinds of hemorrhoids: internal ones, which occur in the lower rectum, and external hemorrhoids, which develop under the skin around the anus.

Internal hemorrhoids cause little discomfort at the beginning, usually you might see bright red blood. But if they are not properly treated at the initial stage, they may prolapse, or extend beyond the anus, causing further problems. External hemorrhoids cause more pain and if a blood clot forms inside an external hemorrhoid, the pain can be sudden and severe. You might feel or see a lump around the anus.

It is important to note that bleeding during bowel moments may also refer to other diseases and therefore it is recommended that in addition to using home remedies, it is advised to consult your doctor immediately to exclude more serious illnesses. The proctologist helps diagnose the disease and finds the best treatment. Fortunately, many effective options are available to treat hemorrhoids. Many people can get relief from symptoms with home treatments and lifestyle changes.

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Our doctors and specialists

Dr Maksim Sergejev

General Surgeon, Proctologist